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The Many Manifestations of Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is a disease that is exposed differently in different people. No two people show exactly the same set of symptoms. Some people may just have one symptom that then disappears for months or years. Some may suffer from a lot of symptoms that can also worsen in a few weeks or months. The symptoms may be constant increase in time for some people while others may have periodic relapses and remissions.

Why the symptoms vary from person to person?

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurological disorder that affects different areas of the brain and spinal cord. Symptoms vary depending on the nerves affected. MS is actually immune mediated inflammatory disease. Causes damage to the protective myelin sheath that covers nerves in the brain and spinal cord. Scar tissue replaces the myelin sheath in the region affected and the damage involves different areas at various points in time. The frequency and severity of symptoms depend on how deep the damage is extreme. Therefore, there is a definite pattern of presentation in MS.

What are the different possible symptoms?

Although MS has a range of events, there are some common symptoms that people with the disease usually complain.

Changes in vision

In many cases, the visual problems are the first symptoms to realize. This occurs due to the involvement of the optic nerve. This rib extends from the eyeball to the brain. When the nerve is inflamed, leading to a condition called optic neuritis. The result is a painful reduction or loss of vision in the affected eye. The pain is more pronounced during the movements of the eyeball involved. The defective color vision may also occur. Another common visual symptom is double vision. This occurs due to a condition called nystagmus that means involuntary eye movement.

Paresthesia or abnormal sensation

This is another common first symptoms of MS. Numbness, tingling, burning and itching are commonly reported by people with MS. These abnormal sensations can occur anywhere on the body depending on the nerve involved. The most common areas are the face, arms, fingers and legs.

Myelin sheath ensures faster conduction of nerve signals in the brain and spinal cord. Due to damage to the myelin sheath and nerve signals are not performed correctly. This leads to numbness. When the nerve pathways that transmit signals such as touch, pain, and temperature affected, some nonspecific altered sensations such as tingling, burning and itching occur. These are due to exaggerated responses or hypersensitivity to sensory stimuli like light touch. These abnormal sensations can also occur without any stimulus.

Muscle spasms and cramps

Involuntary muscle stiffness (spasms) is common in people with MS. Cramps (pain) occur due to spasm of the muscles and usually feel in the legs. Spasticity causes muscle movement difficult. Therefore, people need more energy to do your daily activities. This eventually leads to muscle weakness and fatigue. Fatigue is another common symptom that most people with MS complain. It can happen suddenly, without any history of effort.

Loss of balance and coordination

The cerebellum of the brain helps to maintain balance and coordination. Participation in this part results in difficulty maintaining balance when walking and coordination problems as holding things with his hands. Besides this, fatigue and numbness make walking difficult. Tremors, dizziness, dizziness, slurred speech and dizziness are other manifestations of participation stem cerebellum and brain.

Heat Sensitivity

Another peculiar problem that is commonly seen in people with MS is their excessive sensitivity to heat. The symptoms of MS appear to be caused or aggravated by the rise in body temperature or in a warm environment.
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Disorders of bladder and bowel

cara menaikkan trombosit tubuh These symptoms are very common in people with MS. Bladder problems include frequent urination, nocturia (frequent urination at night times), an urge to urinate, incomplete emptying and urinary incontinence (leakage). Constipation is a common intestinal disorder seen in people with MS. Diarrhea and bowel incontinence are less frequent.

Sexual dysfunction

Women with MS complain of vaginal dryness and men complain of the difficulty in maintaining an erection. Both men and women lack of interest in sexual activity and found problems in achieving orgasm. Sexual dysfunction is another common problem faced by most people with MS.

Cognitive dysfunction

Cognitive difficulties seen in nearly half of people with MS. Problems with memory and attention difficulties are common cognitive problems. Some people have problems with language comprehension and use. People also face difficulties in making decisions, reasoning, planning and execution of the planned activities.

Emotional changes

Depression is common in people with MS. The real reason of depression is not clear. It could be due to damage to nerves or just the other distressing symptoms of MS. Anxiety, irritability and mood swings are not unusual. Some people with MS may have a condition called pseudobulbar affect. This condition is characterized by rapid changes of mood and uncontrollable episodes of laughing and crying irrelevant to the situations.

Other symptoms

Seizures, difficulty swallowing and breathing problems are other non-specific symptoms that can occur multiple sclerosis.

Obviously, most of the manifestations of MS are subjective – that are felt by the person suffering from the disease and are not visible to others. The countless demonstrations and unpredictable pattern of presentation make the difficult diagnosis of multiple sclerosis.

Furthermore, disease symptoms are not specific to it – that may occur in other conditions as well. It is so difficult to attribute these symptoms to MS as it is to diagnose the condition.

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